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Forex Pairs Correlation

Market correlation refers to the tendency of trends in one asset to spread to other assets, resulting in changes in their prices. This phenomenon can be useful for identifying potential opportunities, but it also increases risk if not properly managed. Understanding how market correlation works can help to reduce overall risk. 


  • Correlations can also be used to generate revenue. 
  • One trading strategy is to identify currencies that are volatile and track their price movements. 
  • By speculating on the likelihood of a price returning to its mean when it diverges from the others, you can potentially profit from these correlations. 
  • This method is a way to potentially capitalize on the price movements and can be used as part of a well-rounded trading strategy. 


How to Trade Correlated Forex Pairs

Market correlation measures the degree to which assets move together. It can be used to measure the correlation between markets, sectors, or asset classes.


Correlation is typically expressed as a percentage, with a value of 100% indicating a perfect connection, meaning that the assets will always move in the same direction. 


A correlation of 50% suggests that while the movements of the two markets may not always be perfectly aligned, they tend to move in the same direction.


High correlations among stocks within the same industry can make it difficult to identify a stock that outperforms its peers. Similarly, many currency pairs exhibit strong correlations, particularly when the US dollar is involved. 

Types of Correlations

There are three types of correlation: 

  • Markets that move in the same direction are said to have a positive correlation. 
  • Markets that move in opposite directions are said to have a negative correlation. 
  • Markets that show no correlation are referred to as uncorrelated. 

Why are Correlations Important?

Having high correlations in your portfolio can negatively impact diversification and increase overall risk. When markets are highly correlated, a downturn in one market may lead to a similar move in another, making it more likely for losses to occur in multiple positions. 


This can result in higher overall risk than originally anticipated. It’s important to be aware of and manage the correlation between markets to effectively manage risk in a portfolio. 


Your overall risk on a portfolio level may be much larger than you believe if you have several connected positions. Researching which markets are related and which might increase your diversification is therefore always worthwhile. 


Correlations can be influenced by volatility. During periods of high volatility, markets tend to become more connected, which can increase overall risk in a portfolio. This can be challenging for diversification and risk management. 


It’s important to be aware of the impact that volatility can have on the correlation between markets, and to adjust your investment strategy accordingly, to minimize your risk and maximize your returns. 

Pair Correlation Forex

Some associations are only transient, while others have persisted for years and appear to be here to stay. Here are a few such examples that you should be aware of when trading. 


  1. USD and Gold
    The US dollar and gold prices have a negative relationship, meaning that when the dollar value increases, gold prices decrease, and vice versa.

    This is important to keep in mind when trading gold as the dollar value can greatly affect the price of gold. 


  1. AUD/USD and Copper
    Numerous currency pairs and commodities have strong correlations. This typically happens when a country’s economy is reliant on commodities to expand. For instance, Australia gets a lot of its money from mining metals. Therefore, the value of AUD/USD may change along with copper prices.


  1. USD/NOK and Brent crude
    The relationship between the USD/NOK and the price of Brent crude is inverse because the value of the Norwegian krone (NOK) is closely tied to the price of Brent crude, which is one of Norway’s main exports.

    When the price of Brent crude rises, the value of the NOK also tends to rise, as the country earns more revenue from its oil exports. Conversely, when the price of Brent crude falls, the value of the NOK also tends to fall, as the country earns less revenue from its oil exports.

    This inverse relationship is also reflected in the USD/NOK exchange rate, as a strong NOK tends to weaken the USD/NOK exchange rate, and a weak NOK tends to strengthen the USD/NOK exchange rate. 


  1. Stocks and Commodities
    A company’s share price is very likely to be associated with the price of that commodity if it depends on it for its operations. For instance, oil is heavily consumed by airlines. They might suffer, which affects how the markets function when the price of oil is high. 


On the other hand, when metal prices are high, miners will profit more. To do this, some traders buy mining stocks as opposed to commodities, giving them indirect exposure to metals. 

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Written By: Allen Matshalaga

Allen is a professional forex trader, blogger, and online enthusiast who spends most of his time testing and reviewing legit ways of making money online and is determined to help others succeed.